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Continent: Europe

Country: Spain

Geographical position: in the Canary islands archipelago

Main city: Arrecife

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Official language: Spanish

Time difference with Italy: - 1hour all year

International and area codes: 0034 928 and then the local number

Document for entry: Identity card or valid passport

Electricity: 220 V


Lanzarote is the furthest island in the north-west of the Canary Islands archipelago, Spain, and it is of volcanic origin. It has a 846-square km surface and 213 km of coastline while its length is 25 km and its width 60 km. The inhabitants are, according to the latest census in 2006, 128,000. Lanzarote was firstly inhabited by the Phoenicians in 1100 BC and mentioned by Greek writers and philosophers, among whom Plutarch as well as Pliny the Elder. It was abandoned after the fall of the Roman Empire and subsequently it was conquered firstly by the Arabs, who named it al-Djezir al Khalida in 999 AD, and then by the Portuguese. At the end of the XVI century it passed under the Ottoman control and, in most recent times, between 1730 and 1824, it witnessed a long series of volcanic eruptions of different intensity. It has been Spanish territory since 1927.


The weather is mild all year round with an average temperature of 21°C which can anyway reach 32°C in summer and drop to 14°C in the middle of winter while the rain, mainly in winter, affect for the major part the north-west side of the island, thanks to a particular orography.

To visit

To see: the Timanfaya National Park with its volcanic landscape, the Jameos del Agua and the Cueva de los Verdes caves, the Janubio salt mines and the centre of Arrecife.


The highest point in Lanzarote is the tip of Famara at 617 metres. The name, in the local language, is Titerro(Y)gatra which means “the red mountains” while the name Lanzarote comes from the Ligurian sailor from Varazze (SV) Lanzerotto Maloncello who landed on the island at the beginning of the XIV century as the first Portuguese conqueror. Lanzarote has been proclaimed biosphere reserve by UNESCO. On the island there exist 500 different types of plants and lichens.