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Continent: Africa

Country: United Republic of Tanzania

Capital: Dar Es Saalam

Geographical position: In the Zanzibara archipelago, 50 km from the Tanzanian African coast

Main city: Zanzibar City

Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TSH)

Official language: Swahili. English is also normally spoken

Time difference with Italy: + 2 hours in winter and +1 from March to October during Day Light Saving

International code and area code: 00255 22 and then the local number

Document for entry: a valid passport and an entry visa that can be issued, for Italian citizens, also upon arriving in Zanzibar

Electricity: 220 V


Already inhabited for centuries, Zanzibar was discovered by the Persians who utilized it as transit port for their maritime travels among the Middle East, India and Africa; subsequently it passed under Portuguese control in 1503. In 1698 it became part of the overseas territories of Oman; from 1890 it became a British Protectorate until 1963 when it gained independence. In 1964 it joined together with Tanganika to give birth to the country of Tanzania.

To visit

To see: the ancient area of Zanzibar City, called Stone Town, declared by UNESCO World Heritage and where, among other things, there are the House of Wonders and the Sultan Palace, and the various beaches of the island.


The true name of Zanzibar is Unguja Zanzibar, it was world leader in the cultivation of cloves. Among the personalities of Zanzibar Freddie Mercury, main vocalist of the rock band Queen. The first mosque in the southern hemisphere was built here.


The territory of Zanzibar is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, in front of the Eastern coast of Tanzania, a few degrees south of the equator. It is composed of two main islands, Unguja (or simply “Island of Zanzibar”) in the south, and Pemba in the north, and of more than forty minor islands, all significantly smaller, some of which uninhabited. The minimum distance between the archipelago and the continental coast is about 40 km and the Channel of Zanzibar is the strait separating Unguja from inland, more or less in correspondence with the imaginary line that links Bagamoyonel continent with Stone Town on Unguja. The distance varies little along the Channel anyway. The body of water separating Pemba from the coast is wider (Channel of Pemba). The distance between Unguja and Pemba is about 50 km. The smaller islands of the archipelago (the biggest of which is Tumbatu) are scattered around the main islands.